Marijuana Mount Rushmore


Oftentimes, I like to reflect upon how and why the cannabis community has made such great strides in recent years. Authors, chief petitioners, spokespeople, funders and advocates associated with prominent reforms capture the headlines and media attention, but the truth is that we all stand upon the shoulders of giants who came before us. So many people have suffered so much through the years of marijuana prohibition and have sacrificed so much to get us to where we are today. And we will see many more victories that will build upon the more recent advancements. Sure, we’ll suffer a few setbacks along the way and lose an election or two, but it is apparent to me that the days of cannabis prohibition are numbered; and I am certainly not alone as three-fourths of Americans agree that legalization is inevitable.

When thinking about the most important marijuana law reformers of all time, I have been wondering about who would be on my Marijuana Mount Rushmore. As a big sports fan (if you aren’t a sports fan feel free to skip the rest of this paragraph and the next), my thought process has been inspired by recent talks about who would be on professional basketball’s Mount Rushmore. In any list that includes just four choices, there are going to be worthy candidates snubbed. NBA great LeBron James famously stated that he would be one of the top four basketball greats when his career is over, putting himself onto the game’s Mount Rushmore. James named his basketball Mount Rushmore as Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, Larry Bird and Oscar Robertson. Hall of Famer Kareem Abdul-Jabbar took offense to the list. Last year’s MVP, Kevin Durant, had three-fourths the same members as LeBron on his all-time NBA Mount Rushmore, with Kobe Bryant replacing Oscar Robertson.

Some basketball greats that are getting left off by James and Durant include: Abdul-Jabbar, Wilt Chamberlin and Bill Russell. It is hard to pick only four, especially when you haven’t seen some of the all-time greats play. For me, I go: Russell, Abdul-Jabbar, MJ & Magic. While some greats have to be snubbed on such a list, I’m confident that my choices are defensible as each can arguably have a case as the greatest of all-time.

When coming up with the four greats to place upon the Marijuana Mount Rushmore, I am thinking mainly about cultural significance and helping the cannabis community get to where we are today. Without further ado, here would be my all-time Marijuana Mount Rushmore: Jack Herer, Bob Marley, Carl Sagan and Willie Nelson. My honorable mention, in no particular order: Cheech & Chong, Snoop Dogg, Michael Phelps, Dennis Peron, Jon Stewart, Seth Rogen, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Congressman Earl Blumenauer, Raphael Mechoulam, Sanjay Gupta, Ethan Nadelmann, Peter Lewis, George Soros, Bill Maher, Elvy Musikka, Debby Goldsberry, Irv Rosenfeld, Marc Emery, Dan Viets, John Sajo, Leland Berger, Ed Rosenthal, Gary Johnson, Allison Holcomb, Mason Tvert, Jerry Garcia, Hunter S. Thompson, Woody Harrelson, Michael Franti, Rick Steves, Mark Stepnoski, Jack Black, Keith Stroup, Rob Kampia, Sean Penn, William O’Shaugnessy, Joe Rogan, Louis Armstrong, Peter Tosh, Ann Druyan and Bob Dylan.

This is just a personal list and arguments can be made for many of these folks I’ve listed and many others as well; some living members may just continue to do great things for the movement, bumping off one of my four. A little explanation as to why I chose my four greats for the Marijuana Mount Rushmore:

Jack Herer

Known as the “Emperor of Hemp” or simply “The Hemperor,” the author of The Emperor Wears No Clothes, is truly a prophet of the movement to legalize hemp and cannabis. He was fearless and he trained and inspired many cannabis activists who have trained and inspired even more cannabis activists. Virtually unwilling to compromise on his beliefs, the man wasn’t infallible, but his impact on the cannabis law reform movement is immeasurable and continues to this day. And oh yeah, he has a cannabis strain named after him.

Bob Marley

Bob Marley viewed the use of cannabis as sacred and his music has inspired and entertained millions of people across the globe. A Rastafarian, he gained international fame and was never shy about his use of cannabis, both in his music and in his personal life. Marley stated that, “When you smoke herb, herb reveal yourself to you. All the wickedness you do, the herb reveal itself to yourself, your conscience, show up yourself clear, because herb make you meditate. Is only a natural t’ing and it grow like a tree.” He was named Band of the Year by Rolling Stone in 1976; BBC named “One Love” the Song of the Millennium; he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994; the United Nations awarded him the Peace Medal of the Third World; and he was awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit, Jamaica’s highest honor.

Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan was a scientist that could communicate scientific concepts to the masses and he has had a great impact on top scientists today that have followed in his footsteps, such as Neil DeGrasse Tyson. Sagan won too many awards to list them all: his TV show Cosmos won a Peabody and a couple of Emmys; he won a Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction; and the Discovery Channel named him the 99th Greatest American of all-time in 2005.

An avid user of cannabis, Sagan unfortunately felt that he must reside in the cannabis closet during his lifetime. He contributed an essay bout his use of cannabis in the 1971 book Marihuana Reconsidered under the pseudonym “Mr. X.” The essay explained how marijuana helped inspire his works and enhance his intellectual experiences. Sagan’s cannabis use became known widely after the publication of his biography in 1999. His widow, Ann Druyan, went on to serve on the board of directors for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML). Perhaps the greatest achievement of Sagan’s, within the cannabis community, is the fact that he completely obliterated the “stupid stoner” stereotype, demonstrating that one can use cannabis and be one of the greatest scientific and intellectual minds of all-time.

Willie Nelson

My only living member of the Marijuana Mount Rushmore is the musical legend Willie Nelson, who will turn 82 years-old on April 29th. An unabashed marijuana smoker, Nelson still records and tours with the best of them, out-performing musicians half his age. An American icon, and one of the main Outlaw Country musicians, Nelson has won 37 different major musical awards, including 11 Grammys. Nelson, with credibility among many different demographics, including more conservative folks, has used his celebrity to benefit many causes, from marijuana legalization to family farmers to LGBT rights to hemp and biodiesel fuels. He even appeared in over 30 films and has authored several books, including Roll Me Up and Smoke Me When I Die: Musings from the Road.

Nelson has long worked with NORML to fight for legalization and his several marijuana arrests have helped publicize the fight to legalize cannabis and demonstrate the absurdity of prohibition. Prohibitionists don’t even want to put a national treasure like Willie Nelson in prison, but they have to admit that a poor, non-celebrity would have served a prison sentence long ago with Nelson’s rap sheet. Following his latest arrest, he started the Teapot Party to help fight for legalization across the nation. Nelson is far from done, as he announced last April 20th that his cannabis brand, “Willie’s Reserve” will be sold soon in Colorado and Washington and then in future regulated markets. And he and Merle Haggard just released a new single, “It’s all going to Pot”:

So there is my list. It is certainly subjective and arguments can be made for many of the folks that I listed and some that I didn’t. Comedian Rob Cantrell and a marijuana smoker he interviewed went with Louis Armstrong, Snoop, Bob Marley and Sean Penn. Feel free to let me know who you would place on your Marijuana Mount Rushmore and whether I have any glaring omissions.

Update: I’ve made some additions to the honorable mentions and will continue to do so thanks to the many thoughtful responses I’ve gotten.

Anthony, a longtime cannabis law reform advocate, was Chief Petitioner and co-author of Measure 91, Oregon's cannabis legalization effort. He served as director of both the New Approach Oregon and Vote Yes on 91 PACs, the political action committees responsible for the state's legalization campaign. As director of New Approach Oregon, Anthony continues to work towards effectively implementing the cannabis legalization system while protecting small business owners and the rights of patients. He sits on the Oregon Marijuana Rules Advisory Committee and fights for sensible rules at the legislature as well as city councils and county commissions across the state. Anthony helps cannabis business comply with Oregon's laws and advises advocates across the country. He also serves as content director of both the International Cannabis Business Conference and the Oregon Marijuana Business Conference, helping share the vision of moving the cannabis industry forward in a way that maintains the focus on keeping people out of prison and protecting patients. He was a member of the Oregon Health Authority Rules Advisory Committee, assisting the drafting of the administrative rules governing Oregon’s state-licensed medical marijuana facilities. He first co-authored and helped pass successful marijuana law reform measures while a law student at the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law. He passed the Oregon Bar in 2005 and practiced criminal defense for two years before transitioning to working full-time in the political advocacy realm. His blogs on Marijuana Politics are personal in nature and don't speak for or reflect the opinions of any group or organization.